Urban Development, Coastal Infrastructure and Policy

How does infrastructure or lack of affect urban development along the coast

Extent and Change of Irregular/Informal Settlements

Machine learning techniques to identify irregular settlements

Justifications for Planning

Why do public and private organisations plan? When? How are the plans used?

Local Energy Policy & Planning

The interactions between land use, transportation, environment and energy systems

Smart Water Management and Internet of Things

Managing urban water infrastructure with new data driven approaches and institutional change

Urban Change and its Impacts

Novel measures of urban demographic, economic and morphological indicators

Recent Posts

More Posts

Spatial clusters of deprivation and their patterns


Finding density of places, service deserts using Google and OSRM.


Working Papers/Under Review

More Publications

. Explaining spatial variations in residential energy usage intensity in Chicago: The role of urban form and geomorphometry. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 0001.

Project Project

. Missing Millions: Undercounting Urbanisation in India. Population & Environment, 0001.


Selected Publications

While urban form affects building energy consumption, the pathways, direction and magnitude of the effect are disputed in the literature. This paper uses a unique dataset to examine the effect of urban form on residential electricity consumption in Ningbo, China. Using survey and utility bill data of 534 households in 46 neighborhoods in the city, we model the electricity use of households using a multi-level regression model. We find that neighborhood street configuration and tree shade are important in controlling residential electricity consumption and, consequently, greenhouse gas emissions. Our results suggest that seasonality and dwelling type condition the effect of neighborhood densities on electricity consumption. Neighborhood density is associated with household electricity consumption in summer months, while there is no such association in the winter months. As neighborhood density increases, households in slab and tower apartments in dense urban neighborhoods consume more electricity in summer months, which can be partly explained by exacerbated heat island effect. Interestingly, the neighborhood density is negatively associated with electricity consumption for single-family houses, suggesting that the effect of neighborhood density is different for different types of dwelling units.
Energy and Buildings, 2018

The measurement and characterization of urbanization crucially depends upon defining what counts as urban. According to The Indian Census, less than a third of the Indian population lives in urban areas, and while Indian cities are increasingly important to the economy, India is perceived fundamentally as a rural country. In this paper, we show that this received wisdom is an artefact of the definition of urbanity and the official statistics vastly undercount the level of urbanization and its importance for development policies in India. We descibe a process called Metropolitian Agglomerations from Gridded Population Intensity Estimates (MAGPIE) and show its generalisability to the Indian context. We begin by creating temporally-consistent, high-resolution population maps from sub district level population data available from the Indian Census for 2001 and 2011. The modeling framework is a two-step process that applies a Random Forest-based model to generate a prediction weighting layer subsequently used to inform a gridded dasymetric redistribution of original census counts at 100 m resolution. We then apply density thresholds, contiguity conditions, distance based clustering and minimum population sizes to construct urban agglomerations for the entire country. Compared to the official estimates, we find that this approach counts 8%-30% (depending on thresholds) more urban population in 2011. We find large urban agglomerations that span large portions of Kerala and the Gangetic plain. Thus, while official estimates count more cities in the country, we delineate fewer cities but large urban regions that span jurisdictional boundaries. This has implication for urban policies.
Population & Environment, 0001

Recent Publications

More Publications

. Evaluating the impacts of the clean cities program. Science of The Total Environment, 2017.

PDF Project DOI

. Are America's Inner Cities Competitive? Evidence from the 2000s. Economic Development Quarterly, 2016.

PDF Project DOI

Recent & Upcoming Talks

The Twin Myths of Commons and Private
Oct 26, 2018 12:00 AM
Delineating Metropolitan Regions through Network Analysis
May 29, 2018 8:30 AM
Missing Millions: Undercounting Urbanisation in India
May 29, 2018 8:00 AM


Full courses

I typically teach the following courses. Sample syllabus and schedules are linked. Please check the course schedules for term and registration information.

The following courses are being developed and will be offered in the near future.

Short courses

From time to time, I offer short courses with differing durations. Stay tuned for updates.


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