plans

Justifications for Planning

Why do public and private organisations plan? When? How are the plans used?

Planning for Seven Generations: Energy Planning of American Indian Tribes

The prevalence of energy resources on American Indian lands, the links between energy management and tribal sovereignty, and recent federal government incentives make tribal energy planning an interesting case study for community energy planning in …

Intentions, Urban Plans and Information Systems

If urban development plans were just target patterns to be achieved, conventional data structures in GIS would be sufficient. Urban development plans have a strong spatial component, but recent literature in planning emphasizes that plans are about …

Peak Oil, Urban Form and Public Health: Exploring the Connections

We assessed the relationships between peak oil and urban form, travel behavior, and public health. Peak oil will affect the general economy, travel behavior, and urban form through income and substitution effects; however, because of the wide range …

Robust Plans and Contingent Plans: Scenario Planning for an Uncertain World

Problem: The practice of scenario plan- ning is often too focused on developing a single preferred scenario and fails to adequately consider multiple uncertain futures. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development recently awarded grants for …

In What Circumstances Should Plans Be Public?

The literature on planning assumes that plans, to be useful, should be public and then implemented. The participatory paradigm, with its recent resurgence, assumes that planning should be performed with stakeholders in public forums. This paper …

Updating Plans: A Historiography of Decisions Over Time

Plans provide information about how multiple decisions are structured over time, and what the intentions of a particular actor are. As and when these decisions get made, or not made, some parts of plans become irrelevant, while some other new …

Ontology for Land Development Decisions and Plans

The focus of geographic and other ontologies of urban devel- opment has been to represent locations with object attributes or objects with locational attributes. Urban information systems should also repre- sent decisions, which have or could have …

Vain Foresight: Against the Idea of Implementation in Planning

Why are many plans not implemented? Common explanations for this question are planners have little power, or they failed to account for political or environmental uncertainty, or they failed to include to enough voices during the planning process. …